A disaster is generally a brutal event, caused by nature or man-made. Its consequences are usually death and destruction. The singularity and the magnitude of the disaster that provokes catastrophes deeply affect the human spirit.
Man-made disasters, chemical, biological or nuclear, are the product of the 20th century. Already responsible for countless atrocities, these products continue to represent a risk for humans. Like in the Greek theater, the disaster (the catastrophe) was the fifth and final part of the tragedy.
Different from accidents, disasters have as outcome new considerations regarding the ways in which they can be avoided or prevented. Most accidents are caused by human error, like the involuntary use of a product instead of another or the misinterpretation of a work procedure. Therefore, all risky products must be clearly labeled to show the dangers that they can ensue: toxicity, inflammability or reactivity. All the equipment, especially the heating and cooling systems as well as security and control instruments must be inspected on a regular basis.
In order to prevent a chemical disaster in an enterprise or a company in which chemical substances are found, a few common sense rules must be followed. First of all, the products with a high-risk factor must be replaced with less dangerous equivalents. Also, the utilization and the storage of dangerous products must be reduced to a minimum.